Scientific Cooperation to Support Responsible Fisheries in the Adriatic Sea

Country Fishery Information: SLOVENIA









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Area (kmq)


geographic coordinates

46 07N, 14 49E

coastline (km)




general economic data

fishery data




population (millions 2005 est.)* 2
annual population growth rate (1975-2005)* 0.5%
gross domestic product (GDP per capita annual growth rate) (1990-2005)* 3.2%
education index, 2005*  0.974
human development index (HDI) value, 2005* 0.917
urban population (as % of total) 2005* 51
infant mortality rate (per 1.000 live births) 2005* 3
internet users (per 1.000 people) 2005** 540
personal computers (per 1.000 people) 2005 est.** 400
agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 2005 est.** 3
industry, value added (% of GDP) 2005 est.** 33
services, etc., value added (% of GDP)2005 est.** 64

The Republic of Slovenia is located in southern central Europe (surface: 20 273 square kilometres; population: 2 millions in 2005). It became member of the European Union on May 1st 2004. In the southeast part of Gulf of Trieste (North Adriatic) Slovenia has a short but important coastline (46.6 kilometres) with territorial waters bordering Italy and Croatia. Slovenia lies in the FAO-GFCM Geographical Sub Area 17.

Slovene fisheries can be divided into two sectors: marine and freshwater; both sectors include capture fishing and aquaculture. The contribution of fishing to the economy is small, providing only about 0.014 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Slovenia’s domestic fisheries production in 2006 was approximately 2 500 tonnes, of which 1 131 from capture fisheries and 1 369 from aquaculture.

Pelagic fish catch is predominant (61 percent), demersal fish and cephalopods represent 38 percent of the total artisanal catch. Among pelagic resources European pilchard Sardina pilchardus is the most important fish species with 96 percent (1 565 tonnes in 1999) of the industrial catch. Small pelagics (Sardina pilchardus, Sprattus sprattus, Engraulis encrasicolus, Scomber scombrus, S. Japonicus, Trachurus trachurus and T. mediterraneus) are caught with purse-seine in territorial waters and midwater trawl in territorial and international waters. Inland freshwater resources are for Slovenian aquaculture more important compared to the marine resources. The present Mediterranean mussel production covers only the needs of domestic market. The period from 1991 onward has seen the intensification in particular of European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax and gilt-head sea bream Sparus aurata farming in the Bay of Piran (Marčeta, 2000).
Slovenia’s domestic fisheries production in 2006 was approximately 2 500 tonnes, of which 1 131 from capture fisheries and 1 369 from aquaculture. The annual average of fishery imports in the period May 2004-2005 was 22 382 tonnes (live weight), while fish exports stood at 6 722 tonnes (live weight).
Import figures for fishing, hatcheries and services in 2000 had a total value of 4 651 000 USD while export was estimated at 286 000 USD. In May 2004-2005, average per capita supply was estimated at being 9.2 kg/year (FAO, 2008).

total fisheries production (t) 2006*** 2500
capture production (t) 2006*** 1313
aquaculture production (t) 2006*** 1369
per caput fish supply (kg/year, May 2004-2005)*** 7.0
production (tonnes in live weight) May 2004-2005*** 2662
non-food uses (tonnes in live weight) May 2004-2005*** 11
imports (tonnes in live weight) May 2004-2005*** 22382
exports (tonnes in live weight) May 2004-2005*** 67227
food supply (tonnes in live weight) May 2004-2005*** 18311
imports (US$ 1.000) 2003*** 66353
exports (US$ 1.000) 2003*** 20362
net balance 2006*** -45991
fishery exports as a percentage of agricultural exports (%) 2003**** 4.0
fishery exports as a percentage of total merchandise exports (%) 2006*** 0.1
· *UNDP. Human Development Report
· **The World Bank
· ***FAO Yearbook of Fishery Statistics - 2003



FAO Country Profiles and Mapping Information Systems of:

- Albania · FAO Fisheries Country Profile
- Croatia · DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs
- Italy · FAO FISHSTAT Plus
- Montenegro · FAO Yearbooks of Fishery Statistics
- Slovenia    
·· Republika Slovenija-Statistični urad Republike Slovenije) Republic of Slovenia-Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia SI STAT
· Statistical yearbook of the Republic of Slovenia 2004



© FAO-AdriaMed project  - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
(room C353)  Viale delle Terme di Caracalla - 00153 Rome -Italy- ::: tel  +39 06 570 56092/55467 ::: fax +39 06 570 55188 - 

[online]. Rome. Updated. [Cited ].